Hauxton History

Historic Hauxton

Hauxton, listed in the Domesday Book as ‘Hauochestun’ in 1086 with 27 households, shows evidence of Beaker, Bronze Age, Iron Age, and Roman presence. Small communities settled near the River Cam ford and erected a mill. Discoveries of swords, daggers, and human and horse bones imply a battle. A brooch dating to around 570 AD was found, coinciding with the murder of King Edmund of East Anglia by the Danes.

A small wooden church, dedicated to King Edmund, was built in the 10th century. In 1109, it was replaced by the church still standing today, one of the oldest in East Anglia. The font dates back to the 13th century. In the 15th century, the nave was lengthened, the tower was erected, and pews and a pulpit were added.

Pilgrims bound for Walsingham rested and prayed in Hauxton before crossing the river by the mill. Two side chapels, built in the same era, were demolished in the 16th century. During the construction of a rood screen, a fresco of Thomas á Beckett was inadvertently covered, preserving it from Cromwell’s troops. Restoration in 1666 saw three bells installed in the tower, which remain today. Neglected in the 19th century, the church was rediscovered during renovations in 1860.

Nowadays, the Benefice of Harston, Hauxton, and Newton connects these neighboring churches. The mill likely dates back to Roman times, flourishing in the late 18th century when it processed rapeseed and traded goods at Mill End.

Hauxton, once frequented by London to Cambridge coaches, boasted two ale houses, The Ship and The Chequers. As late as 1800, it was a toll road with a turnpike and keeper’s cottage near the bridge. A milestone from 1729, bearing Trinity Hall arms, still stands. In 1851, a new mill replaced one destroyed by fire, operated until 1974 by Turner & Son, the sole 19th-century watermill in Cambridgeshire. The village’s school dates to the 1580s, with a Dame school established in 1846 and a vicar’s school in 1870, later sending older students to Harston and Melbourn.

Pest Control Ltd., founded in 1939 by Sir Guy Marshall and Dr. Walter Ripper, started near Hauxton mill and expanded rapidly, taken over by Fisons in 1954. Despite growth, Bayer CropScience closed the site in 2004, leading to land redevelopment. The village and St. Edmund’s church, home to a historic war memorial, has seen changes, including the closure of its general store. Noteworthy residents include Michael Morpurgo, the author of ‘War Horse’. he lived in Hauxton from 1969 to 1970.

Modern Hauxton

Today Hauxton has increased in size due to the completion of Hauxton Meadows, a residential development, and  Mill View – independent living apartments for the over 55s with access to care and support services. The old Mill House is now used as science labs.

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Hauxton Meadows